By Peter Singer
During this quantity, a few of trendy such a lot uncommon philosophers survey the total box of ethics, from its origins, in the course of the nice moral traditions, to theories of the way we should reside, arguments approximately particular moral concerns, and the character of ethics itself. The ebook might be learn directly via from commencing to finish; but the inclusion of a multi-layered index, coupled with a descriptive define of contents and bibliographies of proper literature, implies that the quantity additionally serves as a piece of reference, either for these coming afresh to the research of ethics and for readers already conversant in the topic.
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Extra resources for A Companion to Ethics
Iv Dualistic Fantasies These questions have begun to look harder since it became generally accepted that our species took its rise from others which we class as merely 'animals'. In our culture, the species-barrier has commonly been seen as being also the boundary of the moral realm, and metaphysical doctrines have been built to protect this boundary. Christians, unlike Buddhists, have believed that souls, the seat of all the faculties that we honour, belong only to human beings. Any emphasis on the relationship between our own and other species was seen as degrading us, as suggesting that our spirituality was 'really' only a set of animal reactions.
R. M. Hare is Graduate Research Professor in the University of Florida and White's Professor of Moral Philosophy Emeritus in the University of Oxford. His books include The Language of Morals, Freedom and Reason, and Moral Thinking. Dale Jamieson is Associate Professor and Director of the Centre for Values and Social Policy at the University of Colorado. He has published many articles in various areas of philosophy, and is co-editor of Interpretation and Explanation in the Study of Animal Behavior.
Since the overwhelming majority of organisms are plants, bacteria etc. which are not even conscious, the very possibility of deliberate, hostile competition is an extremely rare thing in nature. Moreover, both at the conscious Page 6 and the unconscious level, all life-processes depend on an immense background of harmonious co-operation, which is necessary to build up the complex system within which the much rarer phenomenon of competition becomes possible. Competition is real but necessarily limited.
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