By Yongxiang Lu
A background of chinese language technology and Technology (Volumes 1, 2 & three) provides forty four person lectures, starting with historic chinese language technology and expertise within the strategy of Human Civilizations and an summary of chinese language technological know-how and know-how, and carrying on with with in-depth discussions of numerous concerns within the background of technology and the Needham Puzzle, interspersed with subject matters on Astronomy, mathematics, Agriculture and medication, The 4 nice innovations, and diverse technological parts heavily relating to garments, nutrients, shield and transportation.
This publication is the main authoritative paintings at the historical past of chinese language technological know-how and know-how. it's the Winner of the China e-book Award, the Shanghai publication Award (1st prize), and the Classical China overseas Publishing venture (GAPP, common management of Press and book of China) and provides an important source for educational researchers and non-experts alike.
It originated with a sequence of forty four lectures offered to most sensible chinese language leaders, which acquired very optimistic suggestions. Written via best chinese language students of their respective fields from the Institute for the historical past of common Sciences, chinese language Academy of Sciences and plenty of different revered chinese language organisations, the ebook is meant for scientists, researchers and postgraduate scholars operating within the historical past of technological know-how, philosophy of technological know-how and know-how, and similar disciplines. Yongxiang Lu is a professor, former president and member of the chinese language Academy of Sciences (CAS) and chinese language Academy of Engineering (CAE), and vice president of the nationwide Congress of China.
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Extra resources for A History of Chinese Science and Technology: Volume 1
1 Oriental Society with Highly Developed Agriculture In the preface of “A Critique of Political Economy,” Marx mentioned that the human society has experienced the Asiatic, ancient, feudal, and capitalist social forms in succession. The nature of the first social form has spurred much discussion among the generations following him. And it is generally believed that Marx’s “Asia” society can be used to describe the production mode in most of the ancient oriental civilization: based on a large number of relatively self-sufficient rural communities with a high degree of attachment to land, lack of clear division of labor between agriculture, handicrafts, and commerce, centralized authoritarian rule in political life, existence of state machinery for military conquest and massive projects, especially the flood control and irrigation projects.
The Mohist School later declined while Confucianism and Legalism combined to form the mainstream of ancient Chinese political philosophy. Confucianism and Taoism interflowed to form the canonic philosophy of life for the scholar bureaucrats. After the introduction of Buddhism, some of its ideas were also absorbed, ultimately forming the mainstream ideology in which Confucianism and Taoism complemented each other. Thoughts like “In obscurity, scholars would maintain their own integrity. ” “Seek scholarly honor when young and recluse when old” affected the thinking and actions of Chinese intellectuals over 2,000 years.
All those happened in the early Ming Dynasty. However, the large Chinese fleet did not establish overseas colonial strongholds or attempted to amass wealth through trade and plunder. On the contrary, the Europeans made use of geographic discoveries to set feet on places all over the world. The accompanying overseas trade and colonial activities promoted capital accumulation world wide and ushered in a new chapter of knowledge dissemination and cultural exchange between the different civilizations of mankind.
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