By Martin Maiden
Publish yr note: First released in 1995 via Longman Publishing
A Linguistic background of Italian bargains a transparent and concise rationalization of why glossy Italian grammar has turn into how it is. It specializes in the results of ancient adjustments at the sleek constitution of Italian, revealing styles and buildings which aren't constantly obvious to people who are just accustomed to glossy Italian. even though the publication concentrates at the inner background of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader heritage of the background of the Italian dialects, and different exterior elements corresponding to cultural and social impacts also are tested. Surveys of present study are incorporated, overlaying a variety of phenomena lately dropped at gentle or re-evaluated.
This e-book comprises dialogue of a few parts fairly overlooked via prior histories of the language, equivalent to the improvement of Italian outdoor Italy. specific realization is paid to the effect of alternative Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian turning into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural diversifications that have resulted from the purchase of the language via a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.
Containing truly provided examples, the booklet is designed to be available to these with out wisdom of Italian itself. it is going to accordingly entice scholars of basic linguistics, historical past linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the merely significant 'internal' background of Italian presently to be had in English.
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Extra resources for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)
6. For an account of early flowerings of Italo-Romance dialects as literary languages. see, for example, Migliorini and Griffith (1984, Chapter 4). 7. For a historical account see particularly Vitale (\ 984), and the succinct account in Hall (J 942a). Menocal (1991) gives a sober assessment of the importance of the Questione for the history of Italian. 8. It is likely that the structural conservatism of Florentine, making it apparently more similar to Latin than are other Italo-Romance varieties, may also have served to promote its acceptance as a worthy successor to Latin.
There are occasional occurrences of [Ib], rather than [rv]: NERUU(M) > nerbo 'sinew'; SERUAT > saba 'he keeps'. , by a consonant that occurs in the same syllable - cf. 2) (5). Jko 'white' *'flore fjo:re 'flower' * kOIIJ'flare IIOIIJfja:re 'swell' *'klaru 'kja:ro 'clear' *'klave 'kjalve 'key' *'glanda 'gjanda 'acorn' The cluster [sI] is resolved as [ski], which then yields [skj]: *'slavu > *'sklavu > schiavo 'slave'. 1), notably in the originally diminutive suffix -ULUS. Note that *[tl] > [Id]: (6) CL Proto-Romance Italian FIBULA(M) *'fibla 'fibbja 'brooch' OCULU(M) *':>klu ':>kkjo 'eye' UNGULA(M) *'uIjgla 'wJIia 'nail' UETULU(M) *'vEidu 'vekkjo 'old' The change of postconsonantal [I] to yod is relatively minor, since it does not give rise to morphological alternations.
This development is apparent also in 'pje:-de 'foot' < *'pE-de; 'tJE:-Ie 'gall' < *'fE-Ie; 'vw:>:-le 'he wants' < *'v:>-le; 'bw:>:-na 'good' < *'h:>-na, etc. , French, and the Gallo-Italian dialects of Emilia, Liguria and the Po Plain). In some Gallo-Romance varieties, the original diphthongs have become monophthongized giving [e] (or [iD and . (17) Proto-Romance Italian Milanese * 'fE-Ie 1j£:-le fel 'gall' *'pE-tra 'pje:-tra 'pe:-dra 'stone' *'m£:-le 'mje:-le mel 'honey' *'SEt-te 'SEt-te SEt 'seven' * 'pEl-Ie 'pEl-Ie pel 'skin' *'n:l-va 'nw:>:-va 'n~:-va 'new' *'b-re 'kw:>:-re kf/ll" 'heart' *'fu-ra 'fw:>:-ri f~:-ra 'outside' 'lor-no lorn 'hom' ':>8-50 :>8 'bone' *'br-nu *':>s-su I The origin of SOSD is one of the most controversial and complex issues in the historical phonology of Italian, and as such deserves detailed examination.
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