September 2, 2017

Download 'A Nation of a Hundred Million Idiots': A Social History of by Jayson Makoto Chun PDF

By Jayson Makoto Chun

This publication deals a background of eastern tv audiences and the preferred media tradition that tv helped to spawn. In a relatively brief interval, the tv helped to reconstruct not just postwar eastern pop culture, but additionally the japanese social and political panorama. through the early years of tv, eastern of all backgrounds, from politicians to moms, debated the results on society. the general public discourse surrounding the expansion of tv published its position in forming the id of postwar Japan in the course of the period of high-speed progress (1955-1973) that observed Japan reworked into an fiscal energy and one of many world's best exporters of tv programming.

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Extra resources for 'A Nation of a Hundred Million Idiots': A Social History of Japanese Television, 1953-1973

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The prewar and wartime years saw this broadcast medium become an established part of Japanese life, so when television made its debut in 1953, most Japanese had already been exposed to the paradigms of broadcasting. In the postwar context of 34 “A Nation of a Hundred Million Idiots”? the collapse of empire, democratic reforms imposed by the Allies, and the start of commercial broadcasting, television would build on these prewar foundations established by radio. TV would, along with other factors such as economic growth and the increase in the urban population, help transform urban media culture from a culture of a minority of Japanese into a truly mass national culture.

In the long run helped reduce rural-urban differences, in the short run it carried the serious potential to highlight these destabilizing intra-national differences. These developments hinted at a wider problem: the postwar disruption of national culture had challenged the very foundations of Japanese identity. Popular culture in 1950s Japan, with its strange combinations of conservative imperial symbolism and decadent western iconography, reflected the prevailing social confusion. During the days of imperial expansion of the 1930s, the government portrayed the emperor, the Japanese flag, and Shinto shrines as sacred symbols of the empire to be treated with reverence.

Soon, radio calisthenics became a part of daily life, in which thousands of groups gathered at various locations to do radio calisthenics at the same time. 16 Japanese visionaries based their views of television on the precedents set by radio: as a tool to spread high culture (which often meant Western culture) throughout the nation. One can see in early radio programming the government’s identification of “public broadcasting” with serving the needs of the state, not the people. ” While entertainment programs like dramas and sports enjoyed popularity among listeners, the government made sure that the primary purpose of radio was to spread its version of culture and enlightenment throughout the nation.

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