By Cristóbal de Molina
Only a number of a long time after the Spanish conquest of Peru, the 3rd Bishop of Cuzco, Sebastián de Lartaún, referred to as for a record at the spiritual practices of the Incas. The record used to be ready by means of Cristóbal de Molina, a clergyman of the sanatorium for the Natives of Our girl of Succor in Cuzco and Preacher common of town. Molina used to be a good Quechua speaker, and his complex language talents allowed him to interview the older indigenous males of Cuzco who have been one of the final surviving eyewitnesses of the rituals carried out on the top of Inca rule. hence, Molina's account preserves an important first-hand checklist of Inca spiritual ideals and practices.
This quantity is the 1st English translation of Molina's Relación de las fábulas y ritos de los incas because 1873 and comprises the 1st authoritative scholarly observation and notes. The paintings opens with numerous Inca production myths and outlines of the main gods and shrines (huacas). Molina then discusses an important rituals that happened in Cuzco in the course of every month of the yr, in addition to rituals that weren't tied to the ceremonial calendar, similar to beginning rituals, lady initiation rites, and marriages. Molina additionally describes the Capacocha ritual, during which the entire shrines of the empire have been provided sacrifices, in addition to the Taqui Ongoy, a millennial circulation that unfold around the Andes through the past due 1560s based on turning out to be Spanish domination and speeded up violence opposed to the so-called idolatrous religions of the Andean peoples.
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Additional info for Account of the Fables and Rites of the Incas (William and Bettye Nowlin Series in Art, History, and Culture of the Western Hemisphere)
Thus walking, they would go another day to Uilcanoto,23 which is twenty-six leagues from Cuzco. The reason they followed this road in this month is because they say that the Sun is born in that region. Thus [on their return to Cuzco], they continued [with] the abovementioned sacrifices [to the following places]: on a plain that is near Rurucache,24 they would do the same sacrifice; [and] on another hill called Sunto near Siguana;25 [and] in Cacha,26 on another hill called Cacha Uiracocha, they would do the same;27 [and] on another hill called Yacalla Huaca;28 [and] on another [place called] Ruruoma,29 in the plain of Quiquijana;30 [and] in Mollebamba31 they would do the same; [and] in Urcos, on a hill called Urcos Viracocha,32 they would do the same; [and] on a plain that was in Antahuayla,33 they would burn another [sacrifice]; [and] near Antahuayla, on another [plain] called Pati,34 they would do the same; [and] on another [plain] called Acahuara,35 they would do the same; [and] at Quispicanchi,36 they would do the same on a hill that was there; and at another [hill] called Sucanca,37 they did the same.
12 Besides these, they would sacrifice and offer to those same huacas small baskets with coca, called paucarrunco [multicolored basket];13 ones that they call paucarquinto [multicolored cluster], [which were] similar to [those with] coca; small amounts of toasted maize; and red and yellow seashells that they call mullu [Spondylus shells], carved in the shape of maize. 1 The Cuzco–Vilcanota pilgrimage route. The priests crossed the mountains to reach the Vilcanota pass and then returned to Cuzco by way of the river valley.
Even though before the rule [of the Incas], their ancestors did [track the] months and years on their quipus, they were not as well organized as when he was Lord, since they were only regulated by the winters and the summers. This [Lord] was so wise that he started pondering upon the respect and reverence that his ancestors have had for the Sun, noting that they worshipped him as a god who never stopped or rested and who traveled every day around the world. This [Lord] spoke and discussed with those of his council that it was not possible for the Sun to be the god who created everything, because if he were, a small cloud would not be able to pass in front of him and obscure his resplendence so he could not shine.
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