September 2, 2017

Download Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume 1 by Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu, Ying-yi Hong PDF

By Michele J. Gelfand, Chi-yue Chiu, Ying-yi Hong

ISBN-10: 0195380398

ISBN-13: 9780195380392

With functions during the social sciences, tradition and psychology is a swiftly becoming box that has skilled a increase in book during the last decade. From this proliferation of books, chapters, and magazine articles, interesting advancements have emerged within the dating of tradition to cognitive strategies, human improvement, psychopathology, social habit, organizational habit, neuroscience, language, advertising and marketing, and different themes. In acceptance of this exponential development, Advances in tradition and Psychology is the 1st annual sequence to supply cutting-edge studies of scholarly study within the transforming into box of tradition and psychology.

The pursuits for Advances in tradition and Psychology are simple:

* improve an highbrow domestic for tradition and psychology learn programs
* Foster bridges and connections between cultural students from around the discipline
* Create a highly-cited quantity and a most advantageous outlet for tradition and psychology research
* post articles that mirror the theoretical, methodological, and epistemological range within the learn of tradition and psychology
* increase the collective id of the tradition and psychology field

Comprising chapters from the world over well known tradition students and representing variety within the conception and examine of tradition inside of psychology, Advances in tradition and Psychology is an awesome source for learn courses and teachers in the course of the psychology neighborhood.

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Additional info for Advances in Culture and Psychology: Volume 1

Sample text

In turn, children not only learn from teaching and normative expectations, but they actively conform to them. Teaching and normative conformity play a critically important role in generating the so-called ratchet effect, which leads to cumulative cultural evolution in human but not other primate societies. A. Chimpanzee Behavioral Traditions Whiten et al. (1999) report the results of discussions among the major chimpanzee fieldworkers relevant to the question of chimpanzee culture. These fieldworkers reported observations of interesting chimpanzee behaviors and checked whether they occurred at other field sites.

Obviously some kind of social environment is also important in the ontogeny of other primate species for developing speciestypical behaviors of all kinds, and cultural transmission may even play some role as well. But for humans the species-typical social-cultural environment is an absolute necessity for youngsters to develop the cognitive skills required for survival in the many very different, and sometimes harsh, environments that humans inhabit. And so the point is simply that ontogeny plays an especially large and important role in the cognitive development of Homo sapiens as compared with other primates.

The group mindedness of social norms is most clearly displayed not in conformity to them—which is typically in the individual’s self-interest—but in their enforcement. As many theorists have noted, punishing others, even by simply gossiping about them, is either costly or risky, and others in the group benefit as much as the punisher (thus making it a kind of collective action problem). This is especially true when the norm violation does not involve a moral norm concerning harm, but merely a convention.

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