September 2, 2017

Download Altruism (Concepts in the Social Sciences) by Niall Scott, Jonathan Seglow PDF

By Niall Scott, Jonathan Seglow

ISBN-10: 0335222498

ISBN-13: 9780335222490

Comprensive exam of study and thought. This publication will saticefy either the pro and renowned reader. this isn't pop psychology yet a major exam of an imporant behavioral thought. the pro neighborhood may benefit vastly from an exam of its empirical and theoretical parts. the final reader, with a style for severe behavioral thought will achieve significant perception into a big section of human habit. A not easy yet relaxing learn for either kinds of reader.

Show description

Read Online or Download Altruism (Concepts in the Social Sciences) PDF

Best ethics & morality books

Ethics and Politics: Volume 2: Selected Essays

Alasdair MacIntyre is without doubt one of the so much artistic and significant philosophers operating this present day. This quantity provides a range of his vintage essays on ethics and politics amassed jointly for the 1st time, focussing relatively at the topics of ethical confrontation, ethical dilemmas, and truthfulness and its significance.

Stoic Studies (Hellenistic Culture and Society)

The papers during this assortment talk about the Stoic university of philosophy utilizing highbrow and cultural inheritance, psychology and ethics to offer an image of the varsity itself and it really is notion.

Doing Good Better: Effective Altruism and a Radical New Way to Make a Difference

Just about all folks have the desire to make a distinction. So we volunteer, donate to charity, recycle or try and shrink our carbon emissions. yet hardly ever will we understand how a lot of a distinction we are fairly making. In a outstanding re-evaluation of the facts, Doing solid higher unearths why paying for sweatshop-produced items merits the bad; why beauty surgeons can do extra solid than charity employees; and why giving to a reduction fund is mostly now not how one can aid after a average catastrophe.

Christian Ethics: A Guide for the Perplexed

"Christian ethics is a such a lot confusing topic. This advisor takes the reader in the course of the so much basic concerns surrounding the query of Ethics from a Christian point of view: Is ethics a significant subject of discourse and will there be the sort of factor as a moral argument or moral persuasion? what's the that means of the adjective in Christian Ethics?

Extra info for Altruism (Concepts in the Social Sciences)

Example text

Marcia Baron (1987) distinguishes explicitly between altruistic acts that are obligatory, and those that are permissible and supererogatory. Some instances of altruism are a matter of duty. If I witness a road accident, and I am a qualified first aider, I have a moral obligation to help (Fabre 2004). Even if I am not so qualified, I ought at least to call an ambulance and give such assistance as I can until it arrives. This latter duty is underwritten by good Samaritan laws in some countries where one can be penalized for failing to help.

Evolutionary altruism has to do with the reproductive consequences of behaviour, not with the proximate mechanisms (psychological or otherwise) that guides that behaviour. (Sober 1998: 462) In recent years, much attention has been devoted to explaining evolutionary perspectives on selfish and unselfish behaviour in countless books that popularize the philosophy of biology and evolutionary theory. The main debate surrounding the issue of altruism concerns whether or not there is room for truly unselfish behaviour in evolutionary theory, especially the kind of (vernacular) altruism that is required for moral behaviour.

Faced with a choice between selfish desire and moral duty ‘Homer renounces fishing celebrity for family’, declaring ‘I gave up fame and breakfast for our marriage’ (Lawler 1999: 149). The general point, to return to Kant, is that while an emotional state may hold someone back from being altruistic, or indeed from pursuing any morally worthwhile goal, reason can, in principle, motivate us to act. Reasons (as motives) for altruism can in principle override emotion and desire. A duty to behave altruistically means one has a powerful reason to do so, and it is the reason itself which prompts the act.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.49 of 5 – based on 25 votes