September 2, 2017

Download An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies by Sergio Sismondo PDF

By Sergio Sismondo

ISBN-10: 1405187654

ISBN-13: 9781405187657

An creation to technology and know-how reviews, moment Edition displays the most recent advances within the box whereas carrying on with to supply scholars with a street map to the complicated interdisciplinary terrain of technological know-how and expertise stories.

  • Distinctive in its awareness to either the underlying philosophical and sociological points of technological know-how and technology
  • Explores middle subject matters comparable to realism and social development, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the general public figuring out of science  
  • Includes various empirical reviews and illustrative examples to explain the themes discussed
  • Now contains new fabric on  political economies of medical and technological wisdom, and democratizing technical decisions
  • Other gains of the recent variation comprise more advantageous clarity, up to date references, bankruptcy reorganization, and extra fabric on drugs and technology

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An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

An creation to technology and know-how reports, moment variation displays the most recent advances within the box whereas carrying on with to supply scholars with a highway map to the advanced interdisciplinary terrain of technology and know-how stories. distinct in its recognition to either the underlying philosophical and sociological facets of technology and technologyExplores center issues corresponding to realism and social building, discourse and rhetoric, objectivity, and the general public knowing of science  Includes a variety of empirical experiences and illustrative examples to explain the subjects discussedNow contains new fabric on  political economies of clinical and technological wisdom, and democratizing technical decisionsOther positive aspects of the recent version contain stronger clarity, up-to-date references, bankruptcy reorganization, and extra fabric on drugs and technology

Additional resources for An Introduction to Science and Technology Studies

Example text

They judged the man instead of his work . . (Mulkay 1969: 32–33) Scientists violated Mertonian norms in the name of a higher one: claims should be consistent with well-established truths. One could argue that, even on Mertonian terms, violation of the norms in the name of truth makes sense, since those norms are supposed to represent a social structure that aids the discovery of truths. Nonetheless, this type of case shows one way in which moral norms are subservient to cognitive norms. So far, we have seen that Merton’s social norms may not be as important as cognitive norms to understanding the practice of science.

Paradigms must be linked by enough continuity of concepts and practices to allow communication. This may even be a methodological or theoretical point: complete ruptures in ideas or practices are inexplicable (Barnes 1982). When historians want to explain an innovation, they do so in terms of a reworking of available resources. Every new idea, practice, and object has its sources; to assume otherwise is to invoke something akin to magic. Thus many historians of science have challenged Kuhn’s paradigms by showing the continuity from one putative paradigm to the next.

For her, an overarching problem that women have faced in science has been that feminization is linked to a lowering of status and masculinization to an increase in status. When, in the 1860s and 1870s, increasing numbers of women attempted to enter scientific fields, men in those fields perceived that their work was losing its masculine status (Rossiter 1982). ” In the twentieth century women found that they could enter the scientific world much more easily if they entered new fields, such as home economics and nutritional science.

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